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Single-Phase Versus Two-Phase Orthodontics – Who and Why?

It is recommended that some patients receive their orthodontic treatment over the course of two phases while other patients receive their treatment in a single phase – what’s the difference? Two-phase-treatment means that a patient is prescribed an early treatment in the mixed dentition (both baby teeth and permanent teeth are present) to address some type of severity relative to …

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The Negative Effects of Thumb-Sucking

Most parents know that thumb-sucking can have a negative effect on the position of their child’s teeth, but most do not understand the significance of its impact on a growing face nor all of the other accompanying unfavourable sequelae. Most parents believe that thumb-sucking will result in protrusive, splayed or “buck” upper front teeth. What they may not realize is …

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Eruption Guidance for Children with Developing Dental Crowding

A common reason for a referral of a young child to an orthodontist is early signs of developing dental crowding. For example, when there is inadequate space for the eruption of either the upper and/or lower permanent four incisor teeth. The permanent lower incisor teeth typically erupt at age 6-7 years and the permanent upper incisor teeth at age 7-8years. …

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Direct to Consumer Orthodontics: Buyer Beware

You may have already seen the television advertisements on American channels for Smile Direct Club. They make orthodontic treatment sound so simple. All you have to do is take a selfie, take an impression of your own teeth with the material they’ll send you or have your teeth scanned at a brick and mortar location (coming soon to Canada). Next, …

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Wisdom Teeth: Should They Stay, Or Should They Go?

Wisdom teeth are formally known as third molars. These teeth are commonly referred to as wisdom teeth because they appear so late, much later than the other teeth, at an age where people are presumably “wiser” than as an adolescent, when the other teeth erupt. Wisdom teeth are the most common missing teeth followed by upper lateral incisors, lower second …

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Are Retainers For Life?

The majority of orthodontists advise their patients that YES, in order to prevent your teeth from shifting following an orthodontic correction, removable retainers must be worn nightly for the rest of your life. I may just be the only orthodontist that does subscribe entirely to this philosophy and I will explain why. Firstly, there are two types of retainers: Fixed …

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Does My Child Need An Expander, And If So, How Does It Work?

In this article, I want to share a few tips for parents to determine whether or not early expansion treatment is appropriate for their child. Unfortunately, this lower jaw shift results in a muscle imbalance. The muscles on the side of the face the jaw is shifting towards are contracted while the muscles on the opposite side are being stretched. …

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What’s the best time for my child to see the orthodontist?

Isn’t that the million-dollar question! According to the American Association of Orthodontists, all children should be seen for a consultation with an orthodontist by age 7-8 years. This is generally what is suggested, as this is the approximate age when the adult upper and lower incisor teeth are normally erupted. At this time, approximately 12 baby teeth remain and 16 …